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NCJ Number: 154617 Find in a Library
Title: Changes in Homicide Patterns in the New Europe: Implications From the American Experience
Journal: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(1994)  Pages:239-251
Author(s): D Cheatwood
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: Based upon the United States' experience with homicide, there are reasons to believe that in the next few years Western Europe may undergo changes in the volume and type of homicides that occur; this study considers what lessons can be drawn from the United States and whether they have any relevance for a changing Europe.
Abstract: The first section of this article considers the relationship between the theory and empirical data in the studies of homicide in the United States. The author examines the role that theory plays in understanding the data and therefore what may be predicted based on those data. The second section reviews some of the major concepts derived from the empirical study of homicide in the United States and that are used in the theoretical explanations in those studies. The third section presents a preliminary analysis of some of the data from a study designed to evaluate American theories of homicide using European data. By using European state data to test American theories derived from State-level data in the United States, the objective is to assess the adequacy of these theories in explaining homicide outside of the American experience. Based on the findings, the association of the murder rate and the unemployment rate apparently are contingent upon the association of the murder rate with the robbery rate. Without exception, where those two crime rates are highly correlated, the murder rate correlates with the unemployment numbers; where the two crime rates are not highly correlated, there is no significant correlation of murder with unemployment. Some implications of these findings for future research are suggested. 1 table, 25 footnotes, and 4 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime in foreign countries; Crime patterns; Europe; Homicide causes; Homicide trends; United States of America
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