skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 154671 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Therapeutic Community for Substance-Abusing Pregnant Women and Women With Children: Process and Outcome
Journal: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:(January-March 1995)  Pages:49-56
Author(s): S J Stevens; N Arbiter
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: 1R18 DA 06918; 1 H86 SFO 5696
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes Amity, a treatment community (TC) for women and children that provides long-term residential treatment for addicted pregnant women and women with children.
Abstract: Amity is a nonprofit TC based in Tucson, Ariz. It has been providing substance-abuse treatment services since 1969. In 1981 under the direction of a new female director of programs, Amity's 18-month TC put women's issues and needs at the center of the program's efforts. Some changes included increasing the ratio of women to men in treatment; increasing the number of female recovering staff/demonstrators or role models; and adding groups, seminars, retreats, and workshops that focused on women's issues (emotional safety, building female friendships, molestation, rape, abortion, prostitution, and children). In 1985 a small group of children came to live with their mothers in treatment. Amity currently has 65 women and 50 children living together in treatment on a 23-acre ranch. Descriptive data, including demographic information and data on violence, are presented in this article. Preliminary outcome data are detailed, comparing drop out and treatment completion on such variables as alcohol and other drug use, rearrest, employment, child custody, and involvement in support groups. A pattern of behavior that involves experiences in violent episodes and alcohol and other drug use is identified and discussed. Suggestions are offered for future research. 40 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Children of drug abusers; Females; Pregnant drug abusers; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.