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NCJ Number: 155142 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Digital Telephony Legislation of 1994: Law Enforcement Hitches a Ride on the Information Superhighway
Journal: Criminal Law Bulletin  Volume:31  Issue:3  Dated:(May-June 1995)  Pages:195-211
Author(s): D A Schwartz
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In October 1994, the U.S. House of Representatives passed digital telephony legislation supported by the Federal Bureau of Investigation because it allowed the agency to upgrade its access to new telecommunications technologies.
Abstract: However, the legislation also implemented new restrictions on the FBI's ability to investigate crimes on the information superhighway and actually represented a substantial advancement for privacy rights. The law requires telecommunications carriers to retrofit and design their systems to have the capability to isolate and intercept targeted electronic and wire communications, isolate information identifying the origin and destination of targeted communications, provide intercepted communications and call identifying information to law enforcement at a location over a line away from the carrier's premises, and carry out the interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference. This article discusses the impact of digital telephony on criminal law, the impact on Title III of the Omnibus Safe Streets and Crime Control Act and the Electronic Communication Privacy Act, exigent circumstance, transactional records generated, disclosure of transactional information, and anticloning offenses. 71 notes
Main Term(s): Police surveillance training
Index Term(s): Electronic surveillance; Legislative impact; Science and Technology; Telecommunications
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