skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 155227     Find in a Library
Title: Simulated Signatures: Forgery by Imitation
Author(s): J A Black
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Identification  Volume:45  Issue:3  Dated:(May/June 1995)  Pages:283-297
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 15
  Annotation: This paper describes the various mechanics involved in creating simulated signatures (forgeries) and identifies indicators of these mechanics.
Abstract: A simulated writing is one in which the attempt is made to copy or imitate the writing of another as is done in ordinary signature forgery. A number of methods are available for a forger to use in the construction of a signature that may appear to the laypersons as genuine. These include free-hand simulation, tracing, and reproduction by electrostatic copier or computer. Free-hand simulation with a model available begins with the forger placing the genuine signature near the paper on which the simulated forgery will be placed. Then, using either pen or pencil, the forger draws a picture of the genuine signature. Under magnification, such simulations may reveal numerous pen stops and lifts or signs of correction, along with indications of a slow, tremulous line quality. Less artistic forgers often use tracings by various means to produce simulated signatures. The hallmark of a simulated signature, whether produced by freehand drawing or by tracing, is the lack of fluency or naturalness revealed by line quality that is slow, hesitant, and tremulous. Computers in combination with laser printers have been used to produce not only forged signatures, but counterfeit documents as well. A genuine signature may be captured by using a scanner or a television camera that converts the image into a digitized signal that is stored in the computer and can be printed with a laser printer. Often a computer-generated signature can be detected by an observable notched effect to the line created by the matrix of the scanner or printer. Four case studies are presented. 10 figures and 5 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Forgery ; Document analysis ; Handwriting analysis ; Computers
Type: Test/Measurement
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.