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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 155548 Find in a Library
Title: Alliance Formation and Treatment Outcome Among Maltreated Adolescents
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:19  Issue:4  Dated:(April 1995)  Pages:419-431
Author(s): M J Eltz; S R Shirk; N Sarlin
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined relationships among maltreatment experience, therapeutic alliance formation, and treatment outcome in a sample of 38 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents.
Abstract: The authors hypothesized that the experience of maltreatment would interfere with alliance formation, thereby compromising the effectiveness of therapy. Results indicated that maltreatment, multiplicity of maltreatment, and type of perpetrator of maltreatment were all associated with initial alliance difficulties. None of these variables predicted change in the alliance over time; instead, severity of interpersonal problems was the best predictor of alliance development. Maltreatment status was not directly related to treatment outcome; however, maltreated adolescents who failed to develop positive alliances with their therapists tended to show the poorest outcomes. Recognizing the strong relationship between alliance formation and outcome, the authors have included clinical recommendations for therapists who treat maltreated adolescents. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Adolescent victims; Juveniles; Psychotherapy; Treatment; Treatment techniques; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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