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NCJ Number: 155673 Find in a Library
Title: Does Conviction Have a Persistent Effect on Income and Employment?
Journal: International Review of Law and Economics  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1994)  Pages:103-119
Author(s): J Waldfogel
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effect of conviction on income and employment by using data on pre- and postconviction legitimate income for a cohort of offenders convicted of fraud and larceny in the Federal criminal justice system in 1984.
Abstract: The analysis focused on the cross-sectional gaps between pre- current conviction income levels of offenders with different numbers of prior convictions in 1984. The longitudinal data were used to measure the effects of conviction on offenders with various numbers of prior convictions. The results indicated that cross- sectional gaps in income stem from past conviction effects. In terms of employment, it appears that the gap equals the sum of relevant conviction effects, and for income, accumulated conviction effects exceed the gap. Thus, while employment conviction effects are at most fully persistent, income conviction effects are at most less than fully persistent. 5 tables, 2 figures, 15 notes, and 7 references
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Corrections; Criminal histories; Ex-offender employment
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