skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 155845 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Drug Abuse Prevention: Federal Efforts To Identify Exemplary Programs Need Stronger Design
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
Program Evaluation and Methodology Division
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 75
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO/PEMD-91-15
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3120
Fairmont, WV 26554
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the policies and methods used by the United States Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services to award Federal recognition to drug abuse prevention programs concludes that the policies should be broadened and the procedures revised to permit review of any type of promising program and to increase the emphasis on evidence of effectiveness.
Abstract: The Federal Government established two recognition programs in 1987. These are the Education Department's Drug-Free School Recognition Program and the Office of Substance Abuse Prevention's Exemplary Program Study. Both recognition efforts limit eligible programs to those with a no-use approach to drug abuse prevention for youth. However, current research has not demonstrated the general superiority of this prevention approach over responsible use approaches that do not condone drug use while emphasizing informed decisionmaking, risk reduction, and reduction in use for those already involved. The four procedural weaknesses are the lack of sufficiently systematic or comprehensive nomination procedures, lack of clearly defined application procedure, an absence of requirements for effectiveness data, and reviewer panels lacking individuals with the methodological skills to pursue or critique effectiveness evidence. In addition, the Exemplary Program Study did not conduct site visits to verify and supplement the information in written applications, and the Drug-Free School Recognition Program allows further review of recommendations by a steering committee that is less well-informed. Tables, appended background information, and 9 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Exemplary programs; Program evaluation; US Department of Health and Human Services
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.