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NCJ Number: 155856 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Examining a Structural Model of the Role of Family Factors, Physical Abuse and Sexual Victimization Experiences in a Sample of High Risk Youths' Alcohol/Other Drug Use and Delinquency/Crime Over Time
Author(s): R Dembo; L Williams; J Schmeidler; W Wothke; C H Brown
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 47
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
University of South Florida
Tampa, FL 33620
Sale Source: University of South Florida
4202 East Fowler Avenue
Tampa, FL 33620
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data from a longitudinal study of juvenile detainees, the authors tested a developmental damage model of the relationships among family background and problem factors, sexual victimization, physical abuse experiences, substance use, and delinquent behavior over time.
Abstract: The developmental damage model represented the socioeconomic status of youth, parental presence in the household, family psychosocial problems, family contact with the justice system, sexual victimization, and physical abuse as interrelated experiences. The model hypothesized that these factors would influence the use of alcohol and other drugs, as well as juvenile delinquency. Initial interviews were completed with 399 juvenile detainees in Florida, and 305 follow-up interviews were completed after 4 months. The hypothesized model of relationships among family background and problem factors, sexual victimization, physical abuse experiences, alcohol and other drug use, and delinquent behavior over time was supported by data. The model's accuracy was particularly noteworthy with respect to marijuana and hashish use. Socioeconomic status and family composition were much less important in understanding marijuana and hashish use and juvenile delinquency than family involvement in crime and sexual victimization and physical abuse experiences. The authors conclude that family problems and early abuse experiences play a prominent role in theory and research on the drug use and other delinquent behavior of youth. 53 references, 2 tables, and 5 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse; Child Sexual Abuse; Child victims; Florida; Hashish; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquent family relations; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile victims; Longitudinal studies; Marijuana; Sexual assault victims; Underage Drinking
Note: DCC. Draft 4/3/92.
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