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NCJ Number: 155863 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence of Illicit-Drug or Alcohol Use During Pregnancy and Discrepancies in Mandatory Reporting in Pinellas County, Florida
Journal: New England Journal of Medicine  Volume:322  Issue:17  Dated:(April 26, 1990)  Pages:1202-1206
Author(s): I J Chasnoff; H J Landress; M E Barrett
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To estimate the prevalence of substance abuse by pregnant women, urine samples were collected from pregnant women who enrolled for prenatal care at public health clinics or private obstetrical offices in Pinellas County, Florida.
Abstract: Toxicological screening was performed for 715 pregnant women for alcohol, opiates, cocaine and its metabolites, and cannabinoids using an enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique. Among the 715 pregnant women, the overall prevalence of a positive result on toxicological urine tests was 14.8 percent. There was little difference in prevalence between women seen at public health clinics (16.3 percent) and those seen at private obstetrical offices (13.1 percent). The frequency of a positive result was also similar among white women (15.4 percent) and black women (14.1 percent). Black women more frequently evidenced cocaine use (7.5 percent versus 1.8 percent for white women), whereas white women more frequently evidenced cannabinoid use (14.4 percent vesus 6 percent for black women). During the 6- month period in which urine samples were collected, 133 women in Pinellas County were reported to health authorities after delivery for substance abuse during pregnancy. Black women were reported at approximately 10 times the rate for white women, and poor women were more likely than others to be reported. The authors conclude that the use of illicit drugs is common among pregnant women regardless of race and socioeconomic status. 20 references and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Pregnant drug abusers
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol consumption analysis; Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Cocaine; Drug abuse; Drug testing; Female offenders; Florida; Marijuana; Opioids; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
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