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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 155871 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Testing: The Experience of the Transportation Industry
Author(s): G McCallion
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20540
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Library of Congress
Federal Research Division
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In response to safety concerns and an Executive Order requiring agency heads to establish drug policies, the Department of Transportation (DOT) established drug testing policies for its employees in January 1987; in 1988, DOT regulations were published that cover drug testing policies for safety-sensitive airline, railroad, motor carrier, maritime, and pipeline employees.
Abstract: The DOT regulations resemble policies instituted for DOT employees and include pre-employment, postaccident, periodic, reasonable suspicion, and random testing. Employers are required to conduct random drug tests on 50 percent of covered workers each year, and testing costs are to be incurred by employers. The DOT regulations do not require employers to pay for rehabilitating employees who test positive for drugs. As of 1989, workers covered by the DOT regulations included 3 million truck drivers, 90,000 railroad workers, 538,000 airline employees, 120,000 maritime employees, 116,500 pipeline employees, and 195,500 mass transit employees. The DOT regulations have elicited both strong support and strong opposition, with random testing requirements generating the most controversy. Congressional initiatives related to transportation industry drug testing are noted, and policy considerations associated with the random drug testing of transportation workers are discussed. 7 references and 27 footnotes
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug Policy; Drug regulation; Drug testing; Federal regulations; Mass transit security; Substance abuse in the workplace; Transportation services; US Department of Transportation
Note: DCC
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