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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 155873 Find in a Library
Title: Federally Mandated Drug Testing of Transportation Workers
Author(s): C V Dale
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20540
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Library of Congress
Federal Research Division
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Mandatory public employee drug testing programs have become a central focus of recent government efforts to combat drug abuse in the workplace, and various government initiatives apply specifically to transportation workers.
Abstract: Public employee drug testing programs may gain added impetus from two U.S. Supreme Court decisions which upheld postaccident drug and alcohol testing of railway employees after major train accidents. In addition, recent Federal executive and congressional initiatives are concerned with mandatory drug testing of Federal employees and workers in federally regulated industries, mainly transportation. The Department of Transportation (DOT) issued comprehensive regulations in 1988 that require industrywide testing of workers in the trucking, bus, rail, air, and maritime transportation industries. Executive Order 12564, issued in 1986, makes Federal executive branch employees in sensitive positions subject to mandatory drug testing. In addition, the Office of Personnel Management has issued guidelines on the establishment of a drug-free Federal workplace. The omnibus drug bill, P.L. 100-690, requires Federal contractors and grantees to certify they will maintain drug-free workplaces. Further, U.S. defense contractors must establish and maintain a drug-free workplace program under a 1988 Department of Defense regulation. In 1988, DOT published drug testing rules that affect public and private sector transportation employees in the aviation, motor carrier, railroad, maritime, mass transmit, and pipeline industries who hold safety- or security-sensitive positions. Congressional and judicial actions related to mandatory drug testing of transportation workers are noted. 62 footnotes
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug Policy; Drug regulation; Drug testing; Federal programs; Federal regulations; Mass transit security; Substance abuse in the workplace; Transportation services; US Department of Transportation; US Supreme Court decisions
Note: DCC
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