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NCJ Number: 155877 Find in a Library
Title: Drug and Alcohol Testing in the Workplace -- Objectives, Pitfalls, and Guidelines
Journal: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse  Volume:15  Issue:4  Dated:(1989)  Pages:413-427
Author(s): R S Schottenfeld
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 15
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the historical development of drug testing, motivations underlying proposals to implement workplace testing for drugs and alcohol, types of testing programs currently in use, and potential pitfalls of workplace drug testing.
Abstract: The paper looks at basic principles involved in disputes about the legality of workplace drug testing programs. Seven problems associated with employee drug testing are identified: (1) testing may lead to the abandonment of effective and less problematic approaches; (2) testing may focus on drug abuse and divert attention from alcohol abuse; (3) testing may be used to intimidate employees; (4) testing may lead to the mistaken identification of employees and applicants as substance abusers who do not have drug or alcohol problems; (5) testing may detect medically prescribed drug use unrelated to an employee's job performance and may lead to discrimination against employees with medical problems; (6) testing may create a pool of unemployable individuals; and (7) testing may unnecessarily infringe on the private lives of employees. Legal and ethical issues raised by employee drug testing are discussed, and guidelines to ensure fair workplace drug testing programs are offered. 13 references
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Drug abuse; Drug Policy; Drug regulation; Drug testing; Substance abuse in the workplace
Note: DCC
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