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NCJ Number: 155990 Find in a Library
Title: Why Does New South Wales (NSW) Have a Higher Imprisonment Rate Than Victoria?
Author(s): P Gallagher
Corporate Author: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Sale Source: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Level 8, St James Centre
111 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000,
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Using revised data, this bulletin explores the reasons why New South Wales (Australia) has a much higher per capita inmate population than the demographically similar State of Victoria.
Abstract: The size of a prisoner population is a function of the rate of entry to it and the length of time prisoners stay. This analysis assumed a stable institutional population; the average length of stay was derived from the prison population divided by the number of prisoner commitments per unit of time. Sentenced prisoner populations in New South Wales and Victoria differ partially due to different sentencing policies; New South Wales uses periodic detention as a sentencing option, while Victoria does not, and sentences a greater number of fine defaulters. When all sentenced prisoners are examined, the New South Wales prisoner population rate is about 2.5 times than in Victoria, but the average length of stay is about 2.5 months shorter. When periodic detainees are excluded from the analysis, the New South Wales prisoner rate drops to double that of Victoria. Excluding imprisoned fine defaulters does not alter the figures significantly. 3 tables and 17 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Foreign inmates; New South Wales; Statistics; Victoria
Note: Crime and Justice Bulletin, Number 23 (May 1995). US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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