skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 156001 Find in a Library
Title: Trauma Symptoms in Substance Abusers With and Without Histories of Childhood Abuse
Journal: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs  Volume:26  Issue:4  Dated:(October-December 1994)  Pages:357-360
Author(s): G E Dunn; J J Ryan; C E Dunn
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study was designed to provide a prevalence rate of childhood abuse in patients being treated for alcohol and other drug problems and to compare the extent of trauma symptoms that were present in substance abusers with and without childhood histories of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse.
Abstract: Subjects were 100 males on an inpatient substance abuse treatment unit at a midwestern Veterans Administration Medical Center. Sixty-four were alcohol abusers, 33 were polysubstance abusers, and three were diagnosed with cocaine abuse. Sixty-two had no current Axis I psychiatric condition. The subjects completed a standard test battery that included the Trauma Symptom Checklist and the Dissociative Experiences Scale. Clinical information that pertained to history of childhood abuse was obtained from the subjects' medical charts. Results show that 34 percent of the sample reported a history of childhood abuse. Although this group did have higher mean scores on all the scales compared to the nonabused group, there was no statistical significance. There was no apparent relationship between abuse history and level of education, IQ, race, drug of choice, or psychiatric comorbidity. Thus, a tentative conclusion is that substance abusers with histories of childhood abuse are heterogeneous with regard to many demographic and clinical variables. Study limitations are discussed, and the researchers suggest that further study in this area is warranted. 1 table and 16 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child victims; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.