skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 156024 Find in a Library
Title: Race and Crime: An International Dilemma
Journal: Society  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:(January/February 1995)  Pages:37-41
Author(s): J P Rushton
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 5
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article identifies genetic influences that partially explain differences in criminal behaviors by race within and among cultures.
Abstract: In multiracial countries such as the United States, Great Britain, Brazil, and Canada, Asians are the most law abiding, Africans the least, and Europeans intermediate. This pattern also persists in China and the Pacific Rim, Europe and the Middle East, and Africa and the Caribbean, based on recent INTERPOL crime data. This article argues that significant racial variation exists not only in crime but also in other traits that predispose to crime, including testosterone levels, brain size, temperament, and cognitive ability. Together, these genetic factors are shown to affect sexual behavior, marital stability, family structure, socialization within the family, academic performance and school adjustment, impulsive behavior, and aggressiveness. Although the author presents scientific evidence to support genetic differences among the races that contribute to antisocial behaviors, he also advises that no more than approximately 50 percent of the behavioral variance among races is based in genetic differences, with the remaining 50 percent being due to the environment. 7 suggested readings
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Genetic influences on behavior; Race-crime relationships
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.