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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156040 Find in a Library
Title: Boot Camps: A Washington State Update and Overview of National Findings
Author(s): C Poole; P Slavick
Corporate Author: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
United States of America
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
Sale Source: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
110 Fifth Avenue Southeast
Suite 214
P.O. Box 40999
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review of the Washington State experience and national research findings regarding shock incarceration programs concludes that no clear evidence exists that boot camps reduce recidivism and that carefully designed programs can reduce prison crowding but will reduce costs only when boot camps keep offenders a shorter time than they would have spent in prison.
Abstract: The actual daily operating cost per inmate for boot camps exceeds that of prison. Thus, if boot camp is used as an alternative to lower-cost sentencing alternatives such as parole, costs will be increased. The crucial factor in controlling costs lies in the offender selection process, which must ensure that offenders are those who would have otherwise served time in prison. At least 70 boot camps for adult offenders are now operating in State, Federal, and local jails and prisons. Most State programs have incorporated many typical military features such as military titles and protocol, barracks-style housing, drill instructors, grouping in platoons, and summary punishment. However, many boot camps emphasize education, job training, and counseling; the typical State program allocates 20 percent of each day to these programs. Washington's coeducational Work Ethic Camp for adult offenders opened on November 1, 1993; the Juvenile Basic Training Camp is due to open in late 1995. Footnotes 12 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Shock incarceration programs; Washington
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