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NCJ Number: 156063 Find in a Library
Title: Alien Smuggling and Uncontrolled Migration in Northern Europe and the Baltic Region
Author(s): C J Ulrich
Corporate Author: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Helsinki 00531, Finland
Sale Source: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
PO Box 444
Helsinki 00531,
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: The organized smuggling of illegal immigrants in and through the countries in Northern Europe around the Baltic Sea is examined, with emphasis on recommendations made at the subregional and worldwide levels to address this problem.
Abstract: During the past decade, the increase in illegal immigration has become a worldwide phenomenon and a serious problem for many governments and societies. The problem results from a combination of poverty, economic crises, and war, and from the lure of a more secure life in countries believed to offer employment and social welfare benefits to all who can pay for the cost of travel. Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and the Kalingrad District of the Russian Federation have become primary transit countries, while Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland have become destination countries. The best methods for combating alien smuggling and uncontrolled migration are through the revision and enforcement of national and international legislation and the improvement in the capacity and coordination of police, customs, coast guard, and border units on both national and regional levels. During the 1990's the affected countries have made bilateral agreements. The United Nations also recognizes the problem and has issued statements and reports supporting more effective and coordinated cooperation at the international, regional, and national levels. 32 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Border control; Crime in foreign countries; Europe; Immigration offenses; International agreements; International Law Enforcement Cooperation; Smuggling/Trafficking
Note: HEUNI Paper No. 7
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