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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156166 Find in a Library
Title: Gender as Social Control: A Qualitative Study of Incarcerated Youths and Their Siblings in Greater Sacramento
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:12  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1995)  Pages:33-57
Author(s): J Bottcher
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 25
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study addressed how gender produces differences in criminal activity among a selected group of adolescents from high- risk families of lower socioeconomic status.
Abstract: The analysis, based on interviews with 15 brothers and 25 sisters of 27 incarcerated youths, categorized the domains of gender-related social conditions as activity (comprised of range, timing, pace, and focus) and definition (comprised of self- definitions, peer pressures, societal definitions, physical differences, and the meanings of crime). The data showed that gender-related conditions worked together to produce more delinquency among boys and less among girls. Each dimension of activity placed the boys in potentially more vulnerable circumstances, with fewer social constraints. Each source of gender definition had the potential to reinforce male delinquency and inhibit female delinquency. The data are generally consistent with power-control theory, routine activities theory, and opportunity theory. 3 tables, 1 note, and 64 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Gender issues; Juvenile delinquency factors; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Parental influence
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