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NCJ Number: 156245 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Types and Characteristics of Addicts in the Community
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Dependence  Volume:9  Dated:(1982)  Pages:43-78
Author(s): D N Nurco; J W Shaffer
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 5-H81-DA-01893-03
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study examined the status and behavior of 230 white and 230 black male drug addicts, and an addict typology was developed based on illicit income, adequacy of income to meet needs, and employment.
Abstract: Attention was focused on individuals who were currently or recently addicted, and the sample included more black than white addicts. The interview/questionnaire provided information in several areas of interest: addict's life up to the time of addiction onset, demographic characteristics, events and conditions of early life history such as deviant behavior and drug abuse prior to addiction onset, addict treatment history, and addict's life during the period of addiction. It was found that treatment was generally sought because addicts felt pressured to do so. Those who sought treatment due to pressure from authorities were less likely than others to be in methadone maintenance, but methadone maintenance was still the most popular treatment. Most addicts who entered treatment continued to use drugs to some extent during treatment. Considering the nature of motivation for treatment and the very low commitment on the part of many addicts, it was not surprising that most addicts tended to evaluate the quality of treatment as inadequate and to report a low level of satisfaction with it. Perhaps the most distinguishing characteristic of drug addicts was a tendency toward criminality, specifically violent crimes and crimes against property. In addition, addicts were characterized by risk taking behavior and impulsivity. The typology of addicts is based on treatment experiences, criminality, social activities, and psychopathology. 8 references and 24 tables
Main Term(s): Drug dependence
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Caucasian/White Americans; Drug abuse; Drug offenders; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment; Economic analysis of crime; Male offenders
Note: DCC
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