skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 156257 Find in a Library
Title: Business of Drug Testing: Technological Innovation and Social Control
Journal: Contemporary Drug Problems  Dated:(Spring 1992)  Pages:1-25
Author(s): L Zimmer; J B Jacobs
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 25
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of drug testing technology and policies emphasizes the ways in which employee drug testing has changed the social control of drugs in the United States.
Abstract: Technological innovations and organizational controls have allowed drug testing to meet the necessary standards of accuracy and reliability to protect workers from false accusations of drug use. Improvements in drug testing's accuracy and reliability led more employers to implement testing programs; the result was an expansion of the drug- testing industry. With assistance from the Federal government and the media, this industry has stimulated employers' interest in controlling workers' drug use, although their decisions to implement testing programs have probably been based less on a commitment to the war on drugs than on their belief that doing so served their economic interests. By agreeing to test workers, employers have become part of the country's drug control apparatus. Compared with criminal justice controls, workplace drug testing has the capacity to expand almost infinitely, with much of its cost borne by the private sector. By requiring people, as a condition of their employment, to prove they are drug-free, workplace drug testing programs can achieve a level of control over drug users that criminal justice controls cannot. Reference notes
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug Policy; Drug testing; Employer-employee relations
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.