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NCJ Number: 156260 Find in a Library
Title: Costs and Benefits of Preemployment Drug Screening
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Association  Volume:267  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1, 1992)  Pages:91-93
Author(s): C Swerling; J Ryan; E J Orav
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 3
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Preemployment drug screening was analyzed with respect to its costs and benefits and the sensitivity of the analysis to variations in the underlying assumptions.
Abstract: The research focused on 2,533 postal workers in Boston and on the average costs for the postal service in Boston and nationwide. Results revealed that drug screening would have saved the postal service $162 per applicant hired. However, these results were sensitive to the assumptions in the model. If the prevalence of drug use in the population screened were 1 percent rather than 12 percent, the program would lose money. Similarly, if the cost per urine sample screened were $95 rather than the $49 assumed, the program would lose money even if the prevalence of drug positives was as high as 9 percent. Findings indicated that because of the sensitivity of the analysis to changes in its underlying assumptions, any company considering preemployment drug testing should carefully assess the costs and benefits in its own industry. Tables and 14 footnotes
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Employer-employee relations; Personnel selection
Note: DCC
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