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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156329 Find in a Library
Title: Roots of Prison Violence: A Test of the Deprivation, Management, and "Not-So-Total" Institution Models
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:(July 1995)  Pages:317-331
Author(s): R C McCorkle; T D Miethe; K A Drass
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 371 State prisons and measures of both individual and collective violence in prisons were used to determine the structural, managerial, and environmental determinants of prison disorders.
Abstract: The research tested the deprivation, management, and "not-so-total" institution models of the causes of prison violence. Results suggested that the deprivation model was least useful in distinguishing ordered from disordered institutions. In addition to the absence of a crowding effect, inmate living conditions did not affect prison order. Moreover, results indicated that prisons are not total institutions, sealed off and unaffected by the circumstances and conditions existing in host communities. Findings suggested that poor prison management is a predictor of rates of assault toward inmates and correctional personnel. However, the likelihood of prison riots is largely independent of structural, managerial, and environmental factors. The data also suggest that inmate educational, vocational, and industrial programs are a useful management tool; such programs should offer not just structure but also opportunities for self-improvement. Tables and 60 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Inmate discipline; Inmate misconduct; Institutional violence; Prison disorders; Riot causes; Violence causes; Violent inmates
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