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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156341 Find in a Library
Title: Study Comparing Various Composite Imagery Techniques
Journal: Journal of Forensic Identification  Volume:45  Issue:4  Dated:(July- August 1995)  Pages:381-395
Author(s): R L Morier
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Composite images of faces were produced using four methods and presented to 528 study participants in Canada and Washington, D.C., to determine if one method produced significantly better results than the others.
Abstract: The four methods were freehand sketch, mechanical features assembly composites (e.g., Identi-Kit), computer photo image software, and computer sketch image software. These four methods are commonly used by police agencies to create likenesses, usually to narrow the number of suspects by eliminating those with dissimilar features. The research involved four photospreads created from four sets containing eight photographs each. One photo from each photospread was chosen as the individual for identification. A law enforcement composite artist, a kit operator, and a computer operator created the composite images. The participants included 264 men and 264 women from a broad cross-section of socioeconomic and ethnic groups. Results revealed that all the methods had similar success rates and that law enforcement agencies can feel comfortable with a competent composite specialist who uses any of the four, or combination of the four, methods of completing a facial composite. Figures, tables, and 4 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Criminology; Face composite kits; Facial Recognition/Recall; Photographic analyses; Police artists; Suspect identification; Video imaging
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