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NCJ Number: 156375 Find in a Library
Title: Synopsis of Private Security in the United States
Journal: Security Journal  Volume:6  Issue:2  Dated:(May 1995)  Pages:101-105
Author(s): D B Kennedy
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 5
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper describes the history, nature, and future of the private security industry in the United States.
Abstract: By 1992, private security expenditures exceeded $64 billion, compared to $35 billion for public law enforcement. Private security includes proprietary security, guard and patrol services, alarm services, private investigations, armored car services, locksmiths, consultants, and security equipment manufacturing and distributing. People have been concerned about physical security throughout history. In the 1800's, before the public police were established, private policing in England and the United States took the form of vigilante groups in urban areas and armed employees in rural areas. Private security has reappeared in recent years on the huge private tracts of land, such as shopping malls, where many public activities take place. It also may have increased due to the rising fear of crime in the society, an increase in crimes committed in the workplace, and an increased awareness and use of more effective self-help measures. The increase in tort litigation for negligent security is one factor stimulating the growth of private security. The forms of protective services continue to evolve and include both proprietary operations, contract services, and security entity serving consortiums of organizations. Security technology is increasing in importance; the growth in employment in the security industry will gradually level off. However, new forms of crime will continue to appear, requiring new security countermeasures. 38 references
Main Term(s): Private police
Index Term(s): Future of policing; Police-private police cooperation; Public/private police comparisons
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