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NCJ Number: 156377 Find in a Library
Title: Explaining Collective Violence in India: Social Cleavages and Their Consequences
Journal: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  Volume:18  Issue:2  Dated:(April-June 1995)  Pages:93-109
Author(s): N P Unnithan
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 17
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although the ideal of nonviolence is often identified with the culture of India, the country has high collective violence rates which are usually related to the presence of various social cleavages.
Abstract: Using a catalog of verified instances of collective violence in India, three issues concerning the link between social divisions and collective violence are explored: (1) what cleavages result in the most violence (political, economic, religious, ethnic, linguistic, or caste divisions); (2) trends in various forms of violence over time; and (3) consequences of multiple social cleavages in terms of enhancing or diminishing collective violence. Findings emphasize the primacy of political violence, the relationship over time between all forms of collective violence and the political climate, and how social cleavages generate collective violence because of their salience to and association with structured inequality. It is pointed out, however, that salient social cleavage patterns differentiating unequal groups need not automatically result in high levels of collective violence. Rapid population growth and modernization, rising expectations and resulting frustrations, and regime instability are other factors that must be considered. 47 notes, 1 table, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Cultural influences; Foreign crime statistics; India; Political influences; Politically motivated violent crimes; Social classes; Victims in foreign countries; Violent crime statistics
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