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NCJ Number: 156396 Find in a Library
Title: Healthy in Young Persons' Establishments: Treating the Damaged and Preventing Harm
Journal: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health  Volume:3  Issue:4  Dated:(1993)  Pages:349-367
Author(s): S Bailey
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 19
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: In the United Kingdom, physical institutions for children and other young people, such as residential schools, hospitals, and prisons, have become as unpopular in concept as such institutions for adults; by 1990, only about 13,000 young people were institutionalized, compared to 60,000 in 1970.
Abstract: Two themes have emerged which are familiar to those working with adults. The first is that individuals in residential accommodation, secure or otherwise, exhibit more psychiatric disorders and gross neurological and behavioral disturbances than individuals did 20 years ago. The second is that inadequate provisions exist for those who are not in physical institutions. The author criticizes the national tendency in the United Kingdom to provide simplistic, reactive solutions to each new problem as it arises and emphasizes the importance of recapturing the total range, extent, and development of problem careers and the need to consider the complexity of individual needs rather than overemphasizing philosophical and theoretical management models. Specifically, child and adolescent health services are important, and the tendency to deny the extent of health problems among young people in favor of family and social explanations of deviancy has led to a dearth of trained specialists. The surge of recent deaths of young people in custody is viewed as an indication of the failure of physical institutions for juveniles. Health issues in institutions for young people are addressed, as well as the the importance of mental health services, costs of mental health care for disturbed adolescents, and juvenile suicide. 33 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Crime in foreign countries; Emotionally disturbed delinquents; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Inmate health care; Juvenile health services; Juvenile inmates; Juvenile mental health services; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile suicide; Mentally ill offenders; United Kingdom (UK)
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