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NCJ Number: 156409 Find in a Library
Title: Community-Based Strategies in Aboriginal Criminal Justice: The Northern Territory Experience
Journal: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1995)  Pages:127-142
Author(s): W Tyler
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Recent attempts to involve remote communities of Northern Australia in their own policing and correctional services have often been held up as a model for developing aboriginal criminal justice policies.
Abstract: These attempts, however, raise important questions about the construction of the postcolonial community in remote Australia and the sociological principles by which criminal justice schemes such as night patrols, community wardens, and community corrections have been constituted. The construction of the aboriginal community over the past 20 years is explored in terms of ethnographic, politico-administrative, and postmodernist periods, as a background to the development and implementation of community-based criminal justice in the Northern Territory. A typology of postcolonial criminal justice strategies is developed which identifies four ideal categories in which these strategies may be positioned: (1) mediative (night patrols and community wardens); (2) educative (community justice programs); (3) neocolonialist (new forms of imposed European law and policing); and (4) incorporative (pervasive and totalizing forms of control). The possibility of using Northern Territory schemes in other aboriginal situations is critically evaluated in light of differing sociopolitical constructions of community. 42 references and 2 figures
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Community involvement; Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional reform; Corrections in foreign countries; Crime in foreign countries; Criminal justice system policy; Criminal justice system reform; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Rural corrections; Rural policing
Note: Earlier version of paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, 1993, Sydney
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