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NCJ Number: 156410 Find in a Library
Title: Invisible Sanction: Suspended Sentences in Victoria 1985- 1991
Journal: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology  Volume:28  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1995)  Pages:143-162
Author(s): D Tait
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 20
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The initial and long-term impact of suspended sentences was assessed in Victoria between 1985 and 1991 using available data from magistrate courts, higher courts, and prisons.
Abstract: Evidence confirmed that a decline in the use of intermediate imprisonment coincided with a growth in the use of suspended sentences. Some of this decline was temporary, as orders were breached and prison sentences were activated. The net effect, however, was a decline in the use of imprisonment. Judges and magistrates used imprisonment less in 1991 than they did in 1985. Prison sentences in magistrate courts were about 33 percent lower in 1991 than in the mid-1980's, while higher court prison sentences were about 25 percent lower. A lagged increase in the prison population was achieved by a combination of factors: short operational periods, low breach rate, and extensive use of discretion in resentencing. It is concluded that the apparent success of suspended sentences is largely invisible in the public debate and its place in the range of sentencing options is largely unacknowledged. 18 references, 15 notes, and 8 tables
Main Term(s): Foreign courts
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Court statistics; Crime in foreign countries; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign sentencing; Incarceration; Intermediate sanctions; Sentencing statistics; Suspended sentences; Victoria
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology, 1993, Sydney
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