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NCJ Number: 156442 Find in a Library
Title: Flux of Victimization
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:35  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1995)  Pages:327-342
Author(s): T Hope
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article demonstrates the importance of temporal-spatial variability in the distribution of victimization.
Abstract: The author applies the concept of crime flux, i.e., the interaction between victim-prevalence and victimization-concentration, to two-wave victim survey data from two communities. Crime flux assists in applying a perspective that specifically incorporates a focus upon change in the distribution of crime. By doing so, the author hopes to place distributional concepts in a more central position in the analysis of crime data and the evaluation of crime control policy. The conventional crime rate is composed of two different entities, the number of acts counted as crimes as a ratio to the number of persons in a population. However, one should not too easily conclude that, because people commit crime more people can be expected to commit more crime. Underlying such an assumption is an emergent theory about rates of offending, and possibly about rates of victimization. This paper describes and illustrates the beginnings of an alternative emergent theory about rates of victimization, and possibly offending, which takes as its starting point a deconstruction of the conventional crime rate into some more interesting and meaningful indicators, with possibly more utility for both criminological theory and the analysis of crime policy. Footnotes, tables, references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Crime control policies; Criminal justice system policy; Criminology; Criminology theory evaluation; Data analysis; Theory; United Kingdom (UK); Victimization surveys; Victims in foreign countries
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