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NCJ Number: 156562 Find in a Library
Title: Recidivism: The Effect of Incarceration and Length of Time Served
Author(s): L Song; R Lieb
Corporate Author: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
United States of America
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
Sale Source: Washington State Institute for Public Policy
110 Fifth Avenue Southeast
Suite 214
P.O. Box 40999
Olympia, WA 98504-0999
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Theoretical and empirical literature on the effects of prison or jail sentences on recidivism are reviewed.
Abstract: The discussion noted that opinions are divided between those advocating longer sentences in the interest of public safety and those advocating shorter sentences with the assumption that incarceration, or longer prison terms, will not reduce rates of recidivism. The analysis reveals that the effect of incarceration, versus other sentencing options, and sentence length on recidivism is complex and is likely to be offender-specific. For some offenders, incarceration and longer confinement seem to increase the risk of recidivism. For other offenders, the likelihood of reoffense will either be unaffected or reduced by longer terms of incarceration. Furthermore, early release programs do not appear to affect overall recidivism rates. Footnotes, appended summary of research findings, and 19 references
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Corrections policies; Criminology; Effects of imprisonment; Recidivism causes; Recidivism prediction; Sentencing/Sanctions
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