skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 156635 Find in a Library
Title: Expensive Drug Use and Illegal Income: A Test of Explanatory Hypotheses
Journal: Criminology  Volume:23  Issue:4  Dated:(November 1985)  Pages:743-764
Author(s): J J Collins; R L Hubbard; J V Rachal
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 22
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the hypotheses that heroin use is more strongly related to income crime involvement than cocaine use, and that drug use is discretionary and can largely be predicted by the amount of illegal income available.
Abstract: Data were obtained from 3,575 individuals entering selected drug treatment facilities, pertaining to type and frequency of drug use, amount expended for illegal drugs, type and frequency of their involvement in various criminal activities, and amount of illegal income they secured. The results confirmed a relationship between daily heroin use and involvement in income-generating crime. This relationship remains robust after variations explained by other correlates of drug use and crime were controlled. Contrary to the popular belief that cocaine is used primarily by the middle class and is not physiologically addictive in the way that heroin is, this analysis showed that regular weekly and daily cocaine users were as likely as heroin users to seek out sources of illegal income. 3 tables, 7 notes, and 51 references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Heroin
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.