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NCJ Number: 156658 Find in a Library
Title: Stepping Through the Drug Use Sequence: Longitudinal Scalogram Analysis of Initiation and Regular Use
Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology  Volume:101  Issue:3  Dated:(1992)  Pages:441-451
Author(s): P L Ellickson; R D Hays; R M Bell
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Conrad Hilton Foundation
Los Angeles, CA 90067
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used a longitudinal version of scalogram analysis to examine drug use sequences among 4,415 California and Oregon adolescents during the years between 7th and 10th grades, when vulnerability to peer pressure increases and peer conformity to antisocial behaviors peaks.
Abstract: The results support the robustness of the general ordering of legal and illegal substances observed in the 1970's; initial use of legal drugs, i.e., alcohol and cigarettes, was usually followed by marijuana and harder drugs. Increased involvement with the gateway drugs preceded use of most hard drugs, particularly among non- Hispanic white youth. For most youths, regular alcohol use was a step along the drug involvement scale. There was no evidence that, despite its increasing availability during the study period, cocaine had attained the status of a gateway drug. Cocaine use followed initiation of each gateway drug and increased involvement with alcohol and initial use of pills. The study provided little rationale for tailoring primary prevention programs to different ethnic groups; where ethnic differences in drug use sequences arose, it was in relation to later stages of use. 5 tables, 15 notes, 62 references, and 2 appendixes
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): California; Longitudinal studies; Oregon; Underage Drinking
Note: DCC
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