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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156666 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence of Substance Use Among US Physicians
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Association  Volume:267  Issue:17  Dated:(May 6, 1992)  Pages:2333-2339
Author(s): P H Hughes; N Brandenburg; D C Baldwin Jr; C L Storr; K M Williams; J C Anthony; D V Sheehan
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 1-R01-DA04877
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of substance use among U.S. physicians based on a design that used a self-report survey of 13 substances and permitted comparison with results of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.
Abstract: Study participants included a national sample of 9,600 physicians, stratified by specialty and career stage and randomly selected from the American Medical Association's master file. Findings revealed that physicians were less likely to have used cigarettes and illicit substances such as marijuana, cocaine, and heroin in the past year than their age and gender counterparts in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Physicians were more likely to have used alcohol, minor opiates, and benzodiazepine tranquilizers. Prescription substances uwere used primarily for self-treatment, whereas illicit substances and alcohol were used primarily for recreation. Current daily use of illicit substances was rare. The higher prevalence of alcohol use among physicians may have been more characteristic of their socioeconomic class than of their profession. A unique concern for physicians, however, was their high rate of self-treatment with controlled medications, a practice that could increase the risk of drug dependence. The authors conclude that uniform national guidelines are needed to sensitize medical students and physicians to the dangers of self-treatment with controlled prescription substances. 33 references and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol consumption analysis; Cocaine; Drug abuse; Drug use; Heroin; Marijuana; Self-report studies; Tobacco use
Note: DCC
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