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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156667 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Ethnic Differences in Family Factors Related to Early Drug Initiation
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol  Volume:53  Issue:3  Dated:(1992)  Pages:208-217
Author(s): R F Catalano; D M Morrison; E A Wells; M R Gillmore; B Iritani; J D Hawkins
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: DA-04506; DA-03721; JN-CX-007
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The literature on family predictors of substance abuse for the general population is reviewed and compared to findings for blacks, whites, and Asian Americans, and rates of substance use initiation are examined in a sample of 919 fifth grade students.
Abstract: The literature review focuses on parental and sibling drug use, positive parental attitudes toward drug use, family management problems, family involvement and attachment, family structure, and family socioeconomic status. As part of a longitudinal study of substance use initiation in Seattle, Washington, data were obtained from 919 fifth grade students; 46 percent of the students were white, 25 percent were black, and 21 percent were Asian American. An examination of ethnic differences on measures of family predictors found significant differences. Regression analysis of black, white, and Asian American youth demonstrated significant differences by ethnicity in family management practices, involvement in family activities, sibling deviance, parental disapproval of children's drinking, and family structure. Regression equations identified both unique and common predictors of substances initiated by the end of fifth grade. Implications of the study findings for identifying differences in rates of substance initiation are discussed. 57 references and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Asian Americans; Black/African Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Cultural influences; Ethnic groups; Juvenile drug abusers; Longitudinal studies; Parent-Child Relations; Underage Drinking; Urban area studies; Washington
Note: DCC
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