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NCJ Number: 156672 Find in a Library
Title: Hair Analysis for Drugs: Technological Breakthrough or Ethical Quagmire?
Journal: Addiction  Volume:88  Dated:(1993)  Pages:163-166
Author(s): J Strang; J Black; A Marsh; B Smith
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The use of hair analysis in the detection of drug use raises certain an ethical dilemma involving the legitimate authority of employers to test for drug use.
Abstract: Opiates and stimulants are typically detectable in plasma or saliva for up to 12 hours after injection but may be detected in urine for several days. At the same time, they are embedded in hair as it is formed and first appear some days after ingestion. The drug or metabolite appears to remain for the lifetime of the hair after it is formed; therefore, hair can be examined in segments to detect drug use over a much longer period of time. For hair drug analysis, the most sensitive and widely used techniques are radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography. Quality control issues in hair drug analysis are discussed, public support for drug testing in certain occupations is considered, and the ease of conducting hair drug analysis is noted. Future technological developments in drug testing that involve hair analysis are considered. 20 references
Main Term(s): Employee drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug testing; Drug use; Forensic sciences; Hair and fiber analysis; Science and Technology; Substance abuse in the workplace
Note: DCC
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