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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156741 Find in a Library
Title: Toward a Drug Free Military
Journal: Criminal Justice  Volume:5  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1991)  Pages:10-15
Author(s): T L Riley
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes the military's drug-testing program and its effect in deterring illegal drug use.
Abstract: The armed forces have long recognized a legitimate public interest in a drug-free military that overrides individual rights to privacy and withstands constitutional scrutiny. Mandatory urinalysis testing has become an established procedure in the military. Six categories of urinalysis tests are conducted in the armed forces: search and seizure with a warrant when there is probable cause to believe a service member has ingested drugs or has committed a drug-related offense; health and welfare inspections that include unit sweeps and random sampling of an entire military group; tests for valid medical reasons; and commander-directed tests ordered when there is a reasonable suspicion of illegal drug involvement; and in the course of an accident investigation. The successful prosecution of cases that involve a positive urinalysis test is based on proof of chain-of- custody of the urine sample and proof of scientific reliability of the laboratory analysis. Data on drug-use rates for marijuana and cocaine among military personnel show that the prevalence of drug abuse decreases with the onset and continuation of drug testing. 2 figures
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Drug law enforcement; Military justice
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