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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156848 Find in a Library
Title: Explosion of Gang Violence in the United States
Author(s): R Gott
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: Eastern Kentucky University
Richmond, KY 40475
National Juvenile Detention Assoc
Richmond, KY 40475
Sale Source: Eastern Kentucky University
Dept of Correctional Training Resource Ctr
202 Perkins Building
Richmond, KY 40475
United States of America
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This video examines the prevalence of juvenile gangs and gang violence, patterns of gang-related crime, causes of gang affiliation, and constructive responses to gangs.
Abstract: The video format consists of lecture interspersed with charts that outline the topics discussed. The lecturer, who is a former commander of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Gang Unit, profiles Los Angeles County and its gangs; there are 1,000 street gangs with 150,000 members (just over 1 percent of the population). An overview of gang-related crime focuses on homicide and violent crimes. A discussion of why there are gangs addresses the benign neglect of youth, poverty, racism, cultural ignorance, inadequate education, lack of alternatives, lack of role models, and societal toleration of gang values and appeal. In considering why the gang problem is so serious, the lecturer advises that communities fail to act with early intervention due to denial of the problem; gangs are attractive; social disorganization fosters gang attractiveness; and the abuse of drugs. Other factors that contribute to the problem are apathy, lack of values, community acceptance, the media, and the failure of parents and schools. Various characteristics are listed for Hispanic gangs, African- American gangs, and Asian gangs. Recommendations for responding to and preventing gangs include teacher training about gangs, an increase in the number of programs that target youth at risk for gang membership, training for law enforcement and government personnel, and alternative activities for gang members.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Gang Prevention; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile gang behavior patterns
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