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NCJ Number: 156883 Find in a Library
Title: Risk of Child Abuse or Neglect in a Cohort of Low- Income Children
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:19  Issue:9  Dated:(September 1995)  Pages:1115-1130
Author(s): J B Kotch; D C Browne; C L Ringwalt; P W Stewart; E Ruina; K Holt; B Lowman; J-W Jung
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Interviews with 842 mothers shortly after giving birth and an analysis of official records of child abuse and neglect 1 year later formed the basis of a study that sought to determine the risk factors for reported child abuse or neglect and to examine the roles of stress and social support in child abuse.
Abstract: The participants all came from North Carolina and South Carolina. The analysis focused on 749 North Carolina births who resided in the State more than 6 months and used logistic regression with backward elimination procedures. The best predictors of a maltreatment report were maternal education, the number of other dependent children in the home, the receipt of Medicaid, maternal depression, and whether the mother lived with her own mother at age 14 years. Further analysis revealed an interaction effect between stressful life events, as measured by life event scores, and social well-being. For children born at risk for social problems, medical problems, or both, extreme low income, low maternal education, maternal depression, the presence of any other young children in the home, and a mother's separation at age 14 years from her own mother significantly predicted child maltreatment reports in the first year of life. In addition, stressful life events, even if perceived positively, may increase or decrease the risk of maltreatment reports, depending on the presence of social support. Tables, figures, and 68 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse causes; Child abuse detection; Child abuse prevention; Children at risk; Economic influences; North Carolina; Parental attitudes
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