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NCJ Number: 156906 Find in a Library
Title: Implications of Developmental Research for Interviewing Children
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:17  Dated:(1993)  Pages:25-37
Author(s): M S Steward; K Bussey; G S Goodman; K J Saywitz
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 13
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews recent research on children's development of cognition, memory, and language, including studies of children's specific knowledge about the legal system and studies of developmental and motivational factors that may influence children's willingness to report in legal settings.
Abstract: The clinical identification of sexually abused children often relies on effective interviewing which, in turn, depends on careful consideration of children's development and needs. Clinical and research literature on young children's experiences in pediatric settings offers ecologically compelling data for understanding children's reports of sexual abuse. Strategies used to prepare children for medical procedures are described that may be helpful in preparing children to be interviewed in sexual abuse cases. Five recommendations are offered, based on the review of developmental psychology research literature: (1) enhance disclosure; (2) maximize communication; (3) increase the accuracy of communication; (4) enhance the efficacy of children's participation in the interview process; and (5) contribute to children's growth and development. Areas of future research are noted that focus on individual differences and cultural factors to be incorporated by interviewers. 101 references
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse investigations; Child abuse reporting; Child development; Child Sexual Abuse; Child victims; Children in the courtroom; Interview and interrogation; Juvenile victims; Juvenile witnesses; Psychological research; Sexual assault victims
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