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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156907 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Murder in America
Journal: Police Chief  Volume:62  Issue:8  Dated:(August 1995)  Pages:18-28
Editor(s): C E Higginbotham
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In November 1994, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) sponsored a summit meeting in which participants examined current murder trends in the U.S. and recommended preventive measures.
Abstract: Between 1965 and 1993, the number and rate of murders increased in the U.S., by 149 percent and 86 percent, respectively. The Bureau of Justice Statistics has reported that homicide was the 10th leading cause of death for all Americans in 1991 and remains the 4th leading cause of death for blacks of all ages, that juvenile gang killings are the fastest-growing type of murder, and that guns have become murderers' weapon of choice. Some law enforcement initiatives suggested at the IACP summit involved the intensified use of community policing and murder-specific problem- solving strategies, the intensified use of tactical teams and task forces to regain control of high-risk neighborhoods, the use of emerging technology to improve homicide clearance rates, and increased efforts to improve physical security for businesses and facilities. Communities and governments must also take the lead in reducing murder rates by creating crime advisory committees, intensifying alcohol consumption reduction programs, and providing safe havens for youth after normal school hours. Congress and State legislatures were called upon to increase sanctions for gun- involved crimes, allow police to seize weapons during domestic violence calls, and reorient the juvenile justice system to rehabilitate youthful offenders. Finally, schools can participate in the effort by supporting antiviolence programs, training teachers to identify and prevent violent students, and conducting school awareness programs on these issues.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Homicide trends; Policing innovation; Schools; Statistics; Violence prevention
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