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NCJ Number: 156951 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Dynamics of Running Away, Deinstitutionalization Policies, and the Police
Journal: Juvenile and Family Court Journal  Volume:46  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1995)  Pages:43-55
Author(s): K A Joe
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 mandated the deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO), the effects of the movement have been unclear, and juvenile justice professionals continue to debate the wisdom of DSO.
Abstract: This article provides an historical overview of the JJDPA and a discussion of the ensuing debates over the impact of DSO. Quantitative data collected on California runaways are used to examine the interaction between runaways, parents, and the police. Supporters of the DSO movement have suggested that police try to control status offenders through relabeling upward or downward to meet detention eligibility or diversion criteria; they have also been accused of net-widening by referred youths who would previously have been released into alternative programs. The results show that most runaways return home voluntarily within a few days; only a small minority are arrested and detained, usually as a result of a probation violation, warrant for a criminal offense, or alleged commission of a criminal offense. The findings emphasize the need to examine the effects of legal policy on the police. 2 tables and 31 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Diversion programs; Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Police juvenile relations; Police policies and procedures; Status offender deinstitutionalization
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