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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 156982 Find in a Library
Title: Use of Pepper Aerosol Restraint Spray (Oleoresin Capsicum or "OC")
Author(s): C E Friend
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
44 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The International Association of Chiefs of Police and the National Institute of Justice conducted an extensive joint study on the employment of oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray as an alternative use of force to restrain violent or otherwise noncooperative subjects.
Abstract: The use of OC spray has several advantages compared to other chemical sprays such as CN and CS; results of the IACP/NIJ study indicate that it is effective upon humans in confrontational encounters up to 90 percent of the time; its use has led to a decrease in the number of assaults upon officers in confrontational encounters; its use seems to reduce the incidence of injuries to subjects; and its use has reduced the number of use-of-force complaints lodged against police officers. Police officers who carry OC spray should receive training covering the nature and effects of OC spray, familiarization with the type of devices used in the department, conditions under which OC spray may and may not be used, procedures to follow after employing OC spray, and treatment of persons sprayed. This article also discusses the safe use of OC, protective measures and decontamination, reporting requirements, and appropriate officer response to an OC attack by a suspect. 14 notes
Main Term(s): Science and Technology
Index Term(s): Chemical irritants; International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP); Less lethal technologies; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); Police equipment; Police policies and procedures
Note: Training Key, #462
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