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NCJ Number: 157152 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of the Availability of Firearms on Violent Crime, Suicide, and Accidental Death: A Review of the Literature With Special Reference to the Canadian Situation, Working Document
Author(s): T Gabor
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 105
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Department of Justice
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8, Canada
Publication Number: WD1994-15e
Sale Source: Canada Department of Justice
Justice Bldg. Kent St., at Wellington St.
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: A literature review undertaken to assess the impact of civilian firearm ownership on violent crime, suicide, and accidental death in Canada found that 25 percent of all Canadians own at least one firearm.
Abstract: As of 1990, about 1 million restricted weapons were registered. Permits issued to carry restricted firearms increased by 250 percent between 1979 and 1990. Firearm owners are predominantly male and reside in small communities. The primary purpose of firearm ownership in Canada is hunting, followed by target shooting and gun collecting. About 200 firearm-related homicides occur yearly in Canada, and there appears to be a positive correlation between firearm ownership and homicide rates. Suicide accounts for 75 percent of all Canadian firearm deaths, and one-third of suicides are committed with firearms. About 4 percent of firearm deaths in Canada are classified as accidental. The contribution of firearm availability to violence is discussed, as well as preventive effects of civilian firearm ownership and the impact of gun control legislation. References, tables, and figures
Main Term(s): World criminology
Index Term(s): Accidental killings; Canada; Crime in foreign countries; Firearm accidents; Firearm-crime relationships; Firearms deaths; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign crime statistics; Foreign police; Gun control legislation; Homicide; Victims in foreign countries; Violent crimes; Weapons violations
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