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NCJ Number: 157166 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Crime on Communities
Journal: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  Volume:539  Dated:(May 1995)  Pages:28-45
Author(s): R B Taylor
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0022; 94-IJ-CX-0018; SES-8520460
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews research on the impact of crime on neighborhoods, organizing it by outcome and by field, i.e., psychology, social psychology, behavioral science, and economics.
Abstract: Research on psychological and social psychological consequences of crime focuses on person-place transactions as the outcome: attachment to place, territorial functioning, neighborhood satisfaction, and intent to move. Behavioral studies examine whether crime makes people more or less involved in group efforts to keep up their neighborhoods. One of the most well-researched topics on the economic consequences of victimization has been the impact of crime on house prices. The author presents some original data on the effects of crime on relative house values and vacancy in Baltimore neighborhoods in the 1970's. The results suggest that changes in specific crimes accompany changes in relative house value and vacancy rates. In addition, different crimes influence different aspects of neighborhood economic change. 2 tables and 62 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime costs; Maryland; Property values; Victim reactions to crime
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