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NCJ Number: 157178 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Measurement of Crime
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(July 1994)  Pages:45-52
Author(s): P Desikachar
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: This paper proposes an alternative crime-measurement methodology for India that takes into account the differing degrees of severity of the various offenses that comprise a composite crime index.
Abstract: Crime indexes are widely used as barometers of the social health of a nation. Properly constructed, they should indicate the social harm caused by criminal acts. The major limitation of official crime indexes is that they are typically unweighted indexes that do not show the seriousness of the constituent categories of offenses. Since the punishment prescribed in the Indian Penal Code and other statutes for the various offenses is directly related to the seriousness of the offenses, the proposed crime-measurement methodology uses the prison terms specified for the various categories of offenses to construct a weighted crime index. An empirical illustration of the methodology is provided by constructing a "crime against women" index composed of five categories of crimes against women; the discussion shows that the weighted index is a more meaningful and accurate indicator of crime trends. The analysis encompasses an examination of the relationship between the weighted crime index and policing variables, so as to gain useful insights on the efficacy of crime-prevention strategies. 3 tables, 4 notes, and 5 references
Main Term(s): Crime Statistics
Index Term(s): Crime measurement; Crime seriousness measures; Female victims; Foreign crime statistics
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