skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157212 Find in a Library
Title: Boot Camps and Justice: A Contradiction in Terms?
Author(s): L Atkinson
Corporate Author: Australian Institute of Criminology
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 0-642-22942-2
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: After assessing the effectiveness of boot camps in the United States, this study recommends that boot camps not be established in Australia.
Abstract: Across the United States there are over 47 boot camps in State prison systems, 2 in the Federal system, 10 in local jails and prisons, and approximately 6 for juveniles. The nature and quality of boot camp programs vary considerably, with military discipline and training providing the common core. U.S. evaluations have concluded that boot camps do not reduce recidivism, do not reduce prison populations, and do not reduce costs. Given the comprehensive concerns about the lessons inherent in the military model and given the lack of information about the long-term effects of boot camps on individuals and families, the model's attraction at home and abroad apparently lies more in its perceived public appeal than in measurable effectiveness. A number of researchers doubt the efficacy of the military framework of boot camps, but many accept it as a given that must be salvaged by reform efforts. This paper outlines policy recommendations intended to minimize the damage and maximize any positive program outcomes. Still, the author concludes that the boot camp context is inappropriate and arguably alien to Australian history and cultures. Boot camp populations will inevitably include disproportionate numbers of Aboriginal and other minority youth, and heavy-handed control has not worked with Aboriginal people nor juveniles in general. 19 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; Shock incarceration programs
Note: From Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 46, July 1995.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.