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NCJ Number: 157234 Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol Use Among Drivers and Pedestrians Fatally Injured in Motor Vehicle Accidents: Canada, 1993
Author(s): D R Mayhew; S W Brown; H M Simpson
Corporate Author: Transport Canada
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 192
Sponsoring Agency: Transport Canada
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5, Canada
Sale Source: Transport Canada
Tower C, Place de Ville, 28th Fl
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from police and coroners formed the basis on alcohol use by persons fatally injured in traffic accidents on or off public highways in Canada in 1993, as well as trends over the past 21 years.
Abstract: The research focused mainly on fatally injured drivers, but also focused on alcohol in fatally injured pedestrians. Results revealed that 44.7 percent of the fatally injured drivers in 1993 had been drinking, and most of these had illegal blood alcohol levels. The average blood alcohol was more than twice the statutory limit. Alcohol was most frequently detected among drivers ages 26-35 and least frequently among drivers over age 55. In addition, 44 percent of the fatally injured pedestrians had been drinking; their average blood alcohol level was considerably higher than that for fatally injured drinking drivers. Alcohol was most frequently detected among pedestrians ages 20-35 and those ages 36-45. Both driver and pedestrian fatalities have gradually declined over the past 21 years; findings also suggest that progress has been occurred in addressing the alcohol-related traffic death problem. However, further gains have not occurred in the past few years. Tables, figures, data for each province, appended methodological information, and 18 references
Main Term(s): Drug related fatalities
Index Term(s): Alcohol-Related Offenses; Canada; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drunk offenders; Foreign crime statistics; Highway safety; Pedestrians; Vehicular homicide
Note: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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