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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157296 Find in a Library
Title: Literature Review of Issues Related to the Use of Corrective Force Against Children
Author(s): N M Burns
Corporate Author: Institute for the Prevention of Child Abuse
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 58
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Department of Justice
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8, Canada
Institute for the Prevention of Child Abuse
Toronto, Ontario M5R 2S9, Canada
Publication Number: WD1993-6e
Sale Source: Canada Department of Justice
Justice Bldg. Kent St., at Wellington St.
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8,
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This report presents an annotated review of the literature on the use of corporal punishment against children, based on some 125 books and articles in the fields of psychology, sociology, law, medicine, and social work, as well as a review of Canadian media coverage over the past 5 years.
Abstract: The analysis focuses on 14 topics: adolescent problems, adult adjustment issues, aggression, debate issues, demographic variables, historical roots, human rights issues, intellectual and cognitive issues, international perspectives, legal issues, parenting practices, religious issues, use in schools, and social behavior indicators. Findings reveal that no empirical studies exist that report positive results from the use of corrective force. The articles and books supporting the use of corporal punishment rely on historical analyses, religious roots, philosophical arguments, or anecdotal testimonials. Overall, the literature contains strong indicators that the use of corporal punishment can lead to a wide variety of social and behavioral problems for children, adolescents, and adults. However, the results of some research is less definitive than desired due to problems such as lack of a clear definition and the difficulty of isolating the impact of corporal punishment from other variables. The experiences of Sweden and other countries in legally banning corporal punishment are also instructive regarding the positive results of minimizing or eliminating its use. Tables and 137 references (Author summary modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Corporal punishment; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence
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