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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157309 Find in a Library
Title: Expanding Role of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design in Premises Liability, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): C L Gordon; W Brill
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 91–IJ–CX–K022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the historical evolution of the legal basis for premises liability cases and their connection to crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED).
Abstract: Crime victims are increasingly seeking compensation from the owners and managers of properties on which crime occurs. The authors' research on CPTED and premises liability found that in order to find for the plaintiff in such cases, the jury must implicitly agree that the setting in which the crime occurred was critical and that had the property been designed or laid out differently and adequately guarded, the criminal would likely have been deterred or prevented from attacking. This study also found that the courts use the "totality of the circumstances test" to determine whether security measures were inadequate and below generally accepted standards for a particular industry. Further, the lack of prior similar crimes does not mean that a property owner should not take reasonable precautions to prevent crimes that most would agree should be reasonably foreseeable. Therefore, property owners can expect to be subject to increasing litigation if they fail to take reasonable steps to make their property secure.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs; Environmental design; Facility security; Legal liability; NIJ grant-related documents; Situational crime prevention
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, April 1996.
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