skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157362 Find in a Library
Title: Drugs and Justice: The Impact of Drugs on Criminal Justice in a Metropolitan Community
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1993)  Pages:204-224
Author(s): J M Klofas
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 21
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes a study in which a committee of 11 lawyers, including a prosecutor, public defender, and judge assessed the impact of drugs on the local criminal justice system of Rochester, New York.
Abstract: During the 6-month study, data were collected through interviews, public meetings, surveys of presentence investigations and probation officers, and records of arrests, case processing, and drug treatment. Contrary to expectations, this study found that drug-related offenses accounted for only a small proportion of all arrests in Rochester and the rest of the county. Half the arrests were for misdemeanor-level possession charges, 80 percent of the cases were ultimately processed as misdemeanors, and only 20 percent of drug-related prosecutions resulted in incarceration. The police officers interviewed for this study indicated that drug arrests are used to pursue wider goals outside of controlling the distribution or use of drugs; these include crime reduction, fear reduction, and maintenance of public order. As a result, it may not be appropriate to conceptualize drug arrests as having a specific, separate effect on the criminal justice system. 1 figure, 8 tables, 11 notes, and 28 references
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Court case flow; Crime patterns; New York
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.